Steel exhibits desirable physical properties that make it one of the most versatile structural materials. Some of its properties such as strength, uniformity, light weight, ease of use, etc., make it an ideal choice for construction of bridges, high rises, heavy industrial and power plants, oil & gas, and other structures.
Steel has a high strength/weight ratio. Thus, the dead weight of steel structures is relatively small. Steel can aid in innovative designs compared to concrete.
Steel is highly suitable for prefabrication and mass production Steel structures can be erected quite rapidly, resulting in quicker economic payoff.
Properly designed steel structures can have high ductility, which is an important characteristic for resisting shock loading, such as blasts or earthquakes.
In contrast to reinforced concrete, steel properties do not change considerably with time. Steel buildings can be easily expanded by adding new bays or wings.
Steel structures can be built with high-quality workmanship and narrow tolerances. Steel structures in general can be repaired quickly and easily.
Steel can be reused after a structure is dismantled.
Steel is easily transportable and thus can be fabricated in a workshop, which reduces the construction time at site.